There is a better than even chance that the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) will cut interest rates at its policy meeting on Sept. 29 thanks to inflation striking a record low, according to a Reuters poll, marking a shift in expectations from earlier.
The median from survey of 21 economists showed a 60 percent chance that the central bank would cut its policy repo rate from 7.25 percent at the next meeting, whereas a previous poll in July had shown a move was more likely in the final three months of the year.
Since then, India has released consumer price data for July that showed retail inflation at a record low of 3.78 percent, giving the RBI more room to ease policy.
Keen to inject more momentum in the economy and encourage investment, the government and business community have urged the central bank to lower interest rates, though RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan has stressed that he wants to see low inflation on a sustained basis.
“We have fuel disinflation making a comeback all over again. Crude prices are back down,” said Vishnu Varathan, senior economist at Mizuho Bank.
Varathan noted the price of onions, a staple ingredieFnt in Indian cooking, was beginning to rise, putting upward pressure on food inflation.
But, he said the RBI would find it harder to cut interest rates later in the year, if the US Federal Reserve delays raising interest rates, which it is expected to do.
The RBI left interest rates unchanged at its last policy review on Aug.4, having already cut them by 75 basis points this year as a slump in global commodity prices brought inflation under control.
By holding rates steady, Rajan went against the majority on an advisory panel, who had recommended a reduction.
India is due to release economic growth data for the April-June quarter on Monday.
The median forecast given by 27 economists put year-on-year growth at 7.4 percent for the quarter, slowing from 7.5 percent in the January-March period.
Whereas the headline figure looks healthy, many economists have treated the data series with caution since the statistics department revised its methodology for measuring gross domestic product earlier this year.
Other indicators and on-the-ground evidence suggest the economy is struggling, and there is growing impatience with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government to implement more policies that can galvanise growth.
The government is trying to introduce a nationwide goods and services tax to create a more unified market in a country where levies can differ from state to state.
Twelve of the 21 economists polled doubted whether the government could roll out the tax before the next fiscal year begins in April.