The Law Commission of India has recently submitted its Two Hundred and Fifty Third Report titled Commercial Division and Commercial Appellate Division of High Courts and Commercial Courts Bill, 2015. The Report, inter-alia, defines commercial disputes and recommends the establishment of commercial Courts and Commercial Division and Commercial Appellate Division in the High Courts in order to ensure speedy disposal of high value commercial suits. At present commercial disputes fall within the broader category of civil cases. No separate data on commercial disputes is maintained centrally.
The Government has adopted a co-ordinated approach for phased liquidation of arrears and pendency in judicial administration by providing support for better court infrastructure including computerisation, encouraging increase in the strength of subordinate judiciary, promoting dispute resolution through alternative mechanisms and initiating policy and legislative measures in the areas prone to excessive litigation.
This information was given by Union Law & Justice Minister Shri D.V. Sadananda Gowda in reply to a written quesition in the Lok Sabha today.