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Rights of Tribals

Every developmental project undertaken by the Central or the State Governments is accompanied by a Rehabilitation & Resettlement (R&R) plan under the Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy declared by the appropriate Government. People affected by land acquisition for the purpose of mining or hydro-electric projects are provided rehabilitation and resettlement package in accordance with the Rehabilitation & Resettlement Policy of the States or land acquiring agencies concerned. The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013(RFCTLARR Act) has made the rehabilitation and resettlement a part of the land acquisition process itself. If some person is aggrieved by the award of compensation, legal remedies are available to him. However, if he takes recourse to such means like agitation, any kind of threat and intimidation cannot be resorted to by the state authorities.

The Government has enacted several laws which have specific provisions with regard to displacement, rehabilitation and resettlement of tribal people. The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act 2006 ensures that no member of Scheduled Tribe shall be evicted or removed from forest land in his occupation till the recognition and verification of his forest right is complete. Under the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act 2013, land acquisition in the Scheduled Areas takes places only as a last resort. Rehabilitation and resettlement have been made a part of the Act to ensure that no displacement takes place without adequate rehabilitation and resettlement. The collective rights of tribals are protected through the process of social impact assessment, which is also covered under RFCTLARR Act.

This information was given by Minister of State for Tribal Affairs Shri Mansukhbhai Dhanjibhai Vasava in a written reply in Lok Sabha today.

Samir/jk

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