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Changes in Weather Pattern

Under the Global and Regional Climate Change (GRCC) programme of the Ministry of Earth Sciences, Earth System Science organization (ESSO) has established a dedicated Centre for Climate Change Research (CCCR) under the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune.

Development of Earth System Model (ESM-Version 1.0) is complete by building additional marine biogeochemistry module to the coupled ocean-atmospheric model for generating projections of global climate.

Currently, CCCR is leading Co-ordinated Regional Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX) for the South Asian region under the aegis of the World Climate Research Program (WCRP) of the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO). The CORDEX program provides an important framework for a co-ordinated set of downscaled regional climate simulations for both the historical past and future decades. Training workshops are conducted for end-users, stakeholders in the South Asian region. As a part of this effort, projections up to 2100 were made available from September, 2014 to user community at 50km grid for examination and analysis of the projected temperature and rainfall changes under Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP 4.5) scenario as defined by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) for their Fifth Assessment Report (AR 5).

Studies under the aegis of Indias Second National Communication (NATCOM) submitted to the UNFCCC in May, 2012 and scientific study titled Climate Change and India: 4X4 Assessment – A Sectoral and Regional Analysis for 2030s in 2010, have assessed the implications and impacts under a projected Climate Change scenario, based on which adverse effects on agricultural, water, forests, health, sea level rise, extreme events and infrastructure have been assessed.

This information was given by Minister of Science and Technology and Earth Sciences Dr. Harsh Vardhan in a written reply in Lok Sabha today

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