Exactly 50 years after they independently announced the existence of the Higgs Boson or the “God particle” and placed before the world the theory of how particles acquire mass, physicists Francois Englert and Peter Higgs were awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics 2013.
Higgs and Englert hypothesised a quantum field, which is a distribution of some energy, throughout the universe. When the field is disturbed, waves travel through it. The dimmest possible wave is called a particle. In this field, since called a Higgs field, the associated particle is called the Higgs boson.
For physicists, finding the Higgs boson meant that the Higgs field exists. And because of the Higgs field and its properties, any fundamental particles that wade through it cause Higgs bosons to clump around the particles. This clumping causes the particle to acquire energy and, therefore, mass.
The existence of the Higgs boson was confirmed at the Large Hadron Collider, near Geneva, Switzerland, over the last year. On July 4, 2012, first hints of the boson’s existence were spotted at the collider. Ever since, a series of tests on the particle have yielded confirmation.