Type: Public company (BSE: 532480 | NSE: ALBK | ISIN: INE428A01015)
Industry: Banking, Financial services
Founded: 1865 in Allahabad
Headquarters: Kolkata, India
Number of locations: 2,500 branches (2012)
Key people: Shubhalakshmi Panse (Chairman & MD), T.R Chawla (Executive Director)
Services: Finance and insurance, Consumer banking, Corporate banking
Allahabad Bank which began operations in 1865, has its head-quarters in Kolkata is the oldest joint stock bank in India. The bank was founded in Allahabad in 1865 and as of 31 March 2012 now has over 2500 branches throughout India. The bank has a branch in Hong Kong and a representative office in Shenzen.
On 24 April 1865, a group of Englishmen at Allahabad founded Allahabad Bank. By the end of 19th century it had branches at Jhansi, Kanpur, Lucknow, Bareilly, Nainital, Calcutta, and Delhi.
In the early 20th century, with the start of Swadeshi movement, Allahabad Bank witnessed a spurt in deposits. In 1920, P & O Banking Corporation acquired Allahabad Bank with a bid price of INR436 (US$6.70) per share. In 1923 the bank moved its head office and the registered office to Calcutta for reasons of both operational convenience and business opportunities. Then in 1927 Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China acquired P&O Bank. However, Chartered Bank continued to operate Allahabad Bank as a separate entity.
On 19 July 1969, the Government nationalised Allahabad Bank, together with 13 other banks.
In October 1989, Allahabad Bank acquired United Industrial Bank, a Calcutta-based bank that had been established in 1940. Two years later, Allahabad Bank established AllBank Finance Ltd, a wholly owned Merchant Banking subsidiary.
The government’s ownership of Allahabad Bank shrank in October 2002 after the bank engaged in an Initial Public Offering (IPO) of INR10 crore (US$1.5 million) of shares, each with a face value INR10. The IPO reduced the Government’s shareholding to 71.16%. Then in April 2005 the bank conducted a second public offering of INR10 crore of shares, each with a face value INR10 and selling at a premium of INR72. This offering reduced the Government’s ownership to 55.23%.
In June 2006 the bank opened its first office outside India when it opened a representative office in Shenzen, Mainland China. In February 2007, Allahabad Bank opened its first overseas branch, in Hong Kong. In March, the bank’s business crossed the INR1 million crore mark.